In 1977, Satish Bhaskar from the Madras Crocodile Bank Trust conducted the first sea turtle surveys in mainland India and also covered the Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands; in the Lakshadweep Islands he zeroed in on an island for a focused study on the green sea turtle (Cheloniamydas). Following that, he has carried out extensive surveys of the turtles found in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. In the Andamans, he gave the Forest Department the first comprehensive map of beaches used by sea turtles to nest; four species of sea turtles – Green sea turtles (Cheloniamydas) , Leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelyscoriacea), Hawksbill turtles (Erytmochelysimbricate), Olive Ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelysolivacea) were recorded across the length and breadth of the islands waters. The Forest Department in turn began their efforts by conducting the first sea turtle nesting beach protection programs in 3 locations in the Andaman Islands; this was eventually extended to other sites including a few on Great Nicobar Island. South Reef Island was the location at which he carried out his final monitoring program for green sea turtles where he tagged, and calculated re-nesting intervals.
In 1994, Harry Andrews and the team from ANET started conducting sea turtle surveys across the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago again. By the new millennium, three camps were set up across the islands along with the A&N Forest Department to monitor sea turtles nesting (Galatheabay in Great Nicobar, Jahaji on Rutland Island, and at Cuthbert Bay in Middle Andaman Island). These camps were monitored till the tsunami struck in 2004, significantly altering the topography of the Islands. Post-tsunami, a survey funded by the Wildlife Trust of India, was conducted to assess the damage caused on the major turtle nesting beaches of the Andamans. In 2005, all the sites seemed to be affected with no evidence of nesting. In 2006, however, the team noticed beaches reforming with significant visitation and nesting especially by leatherbacks.
Subsequently, in 2007, Dr. Kartik Shanker, from the Centre for Ecological Studies, Indian Institute of Science, and Dakshin Foundation in collaboration with ANET, initiated a project to monitor leatherback turtle nesting in Little Andaman Island from 2008 onwards till the present. The objectives of the surveys are to monitor post-tsunami leatherback nesting recovery and other ecological factors. Adhith Swaminathan of Dakshin Foundation has been running the research program in the islands from2010.